William L. Sexton, PhD



Work: 660.626.2321
Fax: 660.626.2965
Email Address: wsexton@atsu.edu%20

Research Interests: Dr. Sexton's research concerns the factors controlling oxygendelivery to skeletal muscle, heart and diaphragm. Specifically, how oxygen delivery is matched to oxygen utilization, and how these processes are altered with exercise training and in disease states. Recent studies have focused on diabetes-induced changes in the capillary bed of the skeletal muscle, heart and diaphragm that profoundly impact the ability of the cardiovascular system to supply the tissues with oxygen and nutrients, and the role of exercise in reducing the severity of these diabetes-induced changes. Microvascular oxygen tension is measured in resting and contracting muscle using the phosphorescence quenching method to determine the net balance between oxygen delivery and uptake. Studies are also being conducted to determine the role of vasoactive endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the decrease in muscle capillarity in diabetes, and how these changes are ameliorated with regular exercise.

Education:

Postdoctoral Fellowship - University of Missouri (1988)
PhD - Kansas State University (1985)
MS - University of California-Davis (1979)
BS - University of California-Davis (1977)

Scholarly Activity

Research Publications:

2015 | Kondrashova T, Sexton WL, Baer RW, Kondrashov P. Integration of didactic knowledge with procedural skill: learning cardiac electrophysiology and electrocardiography using ultrasound. Med Sci Educ. p. 1-7. Published online 24 March 2015. DOI: 10.1007/s40670-015-0119-5

2013 | Krueger EM, Cullum ME, Nichols TR, Taylor MG, Sexton WL, Murahata RI. Novel instrumentation to determine peel force in vivo and preliminary studies with adhesive skin barriers. Skin Res Technol. 2013 Nov;19(4):398-404. doi: 10.1111/srt.12059.

2007 | Molloy SS, Nichols TR, Sexton WL, Murahata RI. Validity and reliability of a pad test model using a simulated urine leak and healthy continent females. Urol Nurs. 2007 Aug;27(4):300-4

2007 | Koch AJ, Wherry AD, Petersen MC, Johnson JC, Stuart MK, Sexton WL. Salivary immunoglobulin A response to a collegiate rugby game. J Strength Cond Res. 2007 Feb;21(1):86-90

2002 | Behnke BJ, Kindig CA, McDonough P, Poole DC, Sexton WL. Dynamics of microvascular oxygen pressure during rest-contraction transition in skeletal muscle of diabetic rats. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Sep;283(3):H926-32

2002 | Behnke BJ, Kindig CA, Musch TI, Sexton WL, Poole DC. Effects of prior contractions on muscle microvascular oxygen pressure at onset of subsequent contractions. J Physiol 2002 Mar 15;539(Pt 3):927-34

2000 | Poole DC, Sexton WL, Behnke BJ, Ferguson CS, Hageman KS, Musch TI. Respiratory muscle blood flows during physiological and chemical hyperpnea in the rat. J Appl Physiol 2000 Jan;88(1):186-94

1998 | Kindig CA, Sexton WL, Fedde MR, Poole DC. Skeletal muscle microcirculatory structure and hemodynamics in diabetes. Respir Physiol 1998 Feb;111(2):163-75

1998 | Sexton WL, Poole DC. Effects of emphysema on diaphragm blood flow during exercise. J Appl Physiol 1998 Mar;84(3):971-9

1997 | Poole DC, Sexton WL, Farkas GA, Powers SK, Reid MB. Diaphragm structure and function in health and disease. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6):738-54

1995 | Sexton WL, Poole DC. Costal diaphragm blood flow heterogeneity at rest and during exercise. Respir Physiol 1995 Aug;101(2):171-82

1995 | Sexton WL. Vascular adaptations in rat hindlimb skeletal muscle after voluntary running-wheel exercise. J Appl Physiol 1995 Jul;79(1):287-96

1995 | Hall JL, Sexton WL, Stanley WC. Exercise training attenuates the reduction in myocardial GLUT-4 in diabetic rats. J Appl Physiol 1995 Jan;78(1):76-81

1994 | Sexton WL, Poole DC, Mathieu-Costello O. Microcirculatory structure-function relationships in skeletal muscle of diabetic rats. Am J Physiol 1994 Apr;266(4 Pt 2):H1502-11

1994 | Sexton WL. Skeletal muscle vascular transport capacity in diabetic rats. Diabetes 1994 Feb;43(2):225-31

1994 | Sexton WL, Laughlin MH. Influence of endurance exercise training on distribution of vascular adaptations in rat skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol 1994 Feb;266(2 Pt 2):H483-90

1991 | Barnas GM, Mills PJ, Mackenzie CF, Ashby M, Sexton WL, Imle PC, Wilson PD. Dependencies of respiratory system resistance and elastance on amplitude and frequency in the normal range of breathing. Am Rev Respir Dis 1991 Feb;143(2):240-4

1990 | Sexton WL, Korthuis RJ, Laughlin MH. Vascular flow capacity of hindlimb skeletal muscles in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Appl Physiol 1990 Sep;69(3):1073-9

1990 | Sexton WL, Erickson HH. Effects of treadmill elevation on heart rate, blood lactate concentration and packed cell volume during graded submaximal exercise in ponies. Equine Vet J Suppl 1990 Jun;(9):57-60

1990 | Laughlin MH, Simpson T, Sexton WL, Brown OR, Smith JK, Korthuis RJ. Skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, antioxidant enzymes, and exercise training. J Appl Physiol 1990 Jun;68(6):2337-43

1990 | Sexton WL, Korthuis RJ, Laughlin MH. Microvascular injury after ischemia and reperfusion in skeletal muscle of exercise-trained rats. J Appl Physiol 1990 Jun;68(6):2329-36

1990 | Sexton WL, Korthuis RJ, Laughlin MH. Ischemia-reperfusion injury in isolated rat hindquarters. J Appl Physiol 1990 Jan;68(1):387-92

1988 | Laughlin MH, Korthuis RJ, Sexton WL, Armstrong RB. Regional muscle blood flow capacity and exercise hyperemia in high-intensity trained rats. J Appl Physiol 1988 Jun;64(6):2420-7

1988 | Sexton WL, Korthuis RJ, Laughlin MH. High-intensity exercise training increases vascular transport capacity of rat hindquarters. Am J Physiol 1988 Feb;254(2 Pt 2):H274-8

1988 | Erickson HH, Sexton WL, Erickson BK, Coffman JR. Oxygen transfer in the trained and untrained quarter horse. Adv Exp Med Biol 1988;227:327-31

1986 | Sexton WL, Erickson HH. Effects of propranolol on cardiopulmonary function in the pony during submaximal exercise. Equine Vet J 1986 Nov;18(6):485-9

1979 | Hempleman SC, Sexton WL, Barker MR, Burger RE. A model of the interaction between O2 and CO2 exchange and cardiopulmonary control in the duck. Comput Biol Med 1979;9(3):167-78

1985 | Sexton WL (PhD Dissertation). Effects of training and propranolol on the physiological responses to exercise in the pony. Kansas State University. 1985

Books, Chapters, and Reviews:

1987 | Erickson BK, Erickson HH, Sexton WL, Coffman JR. Performance evaluation and detection of injury during training in the Quarter Horse using a heart rate computer. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 2, Eds. Gillespie JR, Robinson NE. ICEEP Publications, Davis, CA. 1987 pp. 92-101.

1987 | Sexton WL, Erickson HH, Coffman JR. Cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses to exercise in the Quarter Horse: Effects of training. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 2, Eds. Gillespie JR, Robinson NE. ICEEP Publications, Davis, CA. 1987 pp. 77-91.

1987 | Erickson HH, Sexton WL, Erickson BK, Coffman JR. Cardiopulmonary response to exercise and detraining in the Quarter Horse. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 2, Eds. Gillespie JR, Robinson NE. ICEEP Publications, Davis, CA. 1987 pp. 41-51.

1987 | Sexton WL, Argast DR, Erickson HH. Effects of endurance and interval training on cardiopulmonary function in ponies. Proc 9th Equine Nut Physiol Soc Meetings 1985 pp. 200-205

1985 | Erickson HH, Sexton WL, DeBowes RM, Sigler DH, Coffman JR. Cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses to treadmill exercise and training in the Quarter Horse. Proc 9th Equine Nut Physiol Soc 1985 pp. 194-199

1985 | Sexton WL, Erickson HH, Argast DR, DeBowes RM, Sigler DH, Coffman JR. Effects of training on regulation of blood temperature during exercise in the equine. Proc Am Assoc Equine Prac 1985 pp. 199-208

Presentations and Published Abstracts:

2016 | Batten SM [student], Dobard SE [student], Buell JH [student], Cammack SA [student], Sexton WL. Oxygen Kinetics and Muscle Twitch Tension in the Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle after Creatine Kinase Inhibition. Poster presented at Experimental Biology meeting, San Diego, CA; April 2-6, 2016.

2016 | Cammack,SA, Dobard SE, Sexton WL. Interstitial Oxygen Kinetics in the Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus and Soleus muscles after IOP Supplementation. Poster presented at the 8th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 5, 2016.

2016 | Dobard SE [student], Batten SM [student], Cammack SA [student], Buell JH [student], Ware AL, Sexton WL. Measurement of Myocardial Microvascular PO2: Impact of Sumatriptan. Poster presented at Experimental Biology meeting, San Diego, CA; April 2-6, 2016, and at the 8th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 5, 2016.

2015 | Basehore PM*, Sexton PS*, Sexton WL. Are our graduates competent residents? Can use of surveys and EPAs provide the answer? Presented at: 2015 Joint American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and Association of Osteopathic Directors and Medical Educators (AODME) Annual Conference; Ft. Lauderdale, FL; April 22-25, 2015.

2015 | Batten SM [student], Dobard SE [student], Buell JH [student], Cammack SA [student], Sexton WL. Oxygen Kinetics and Muscle Twitch Tension in the Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle after Creatine Kinase Inhibition. Poster presented at the 7th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; October 31, 2015.

2015 | Buell, JH (Student), Shaffer LB (Student), Rath TD (Student), Sexton WL. Effects of Enalapril on Interstitial PO2 and Contractile Function in the EDL of Diabetic Rats. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA; May 27-20, 2015.

2015 | Kondrashova T*, Sexton WL, Kondrashov P*, Baer RW. From form to function: bridging a gap between anatomy and physiology in OME. Poster presented at: 2015 Joint American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and Association of Osteopathic Directors and Medical Educators (AODME) Annual Conference; Ft. Lauderdale, FL; April 22-25, 2015.

2015 | Rath TD (Student), Shaffer LB (Student), Buell JH (Student), O’Brien ML (OMSII), Sexton WL. Effect of Exercise on Interstitial PO2 and Contractile Function in the Diaphragm of Diabetic Rats. Rats. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA; May 27-20, 2015; and at the 7th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; October 31, 2015..

2015 | Sexton PS*, Sexton WL. Ensuring academic program quality through program assessment. Presented at: 2015 Joint American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and Association of Osteopathic Directors and Medical Educators (AODME) Annual Conference; April 22-25, 2015; Ft. Lauderdale, FL.

2015 | Shaffer LB (Student), Buell J (Student), Rath TD (Student), Sexton WL. Impact of Neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase (nNOS) Inhibition on Diaphragm Interstitial PO2 and Contractile Function. Rats. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA; May 27-20, 2015.

2015 | Tate ML [student], Shountrianos G, Kuriata MA, Bangash S, Cleaver LJ, Kollmann EL, Sexton WL, Cullum ME. Descriptive study of Mohs surgical wounds managed with a collagen ECM dressing or standard care. Poster presented at the AOA Research Conference, Orlando, FL, October 2015, and published in the J Am Osteopath Assoc.155: e77, 2015.

2014 | Buell JH [student], Shaffer LB [student], Rath TD [student], Sexton WL. Effects of Enalapril on Interstitial PO2 and Contractile Function in the EDL of Diabetic Rats. Poster presented at 6th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 1, 2014.

2014 | Goodrich AS [student], Swan JW, Nichols TR, Taylor MG, Sexton WL, Mondo D, Cullum ME. Preliminary study of peel force and discomfort of removal of adhesive barriers in normal and peristomal skin. Abstract published in J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2014;114(8):e93. Poster presented at the 58th Annual AOA Research Conference; Seattle, WA; Oct 26, 2014; and at the 6th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 1, 2014.

2014 | Kondrashova T, Sexton WL, Baer RW, Kondrashov P. Using Ultrasound to Enhance Student Understanding of Cardiac Function and Electrophysiology. Presented at the Third Annual World Congress on Ultrasound in Medical Education; Portland, OR; Oct. 10-12, 2014.

2014 | Rath TD [student], Shaffer LB [student], Buell JH [student], O’Brien ML, Sexton WL. Effect of Exercise Training on Interstitial PO2 and Contractile Function in the Diaphragm of Diabetic Rats. Poster presented at 6th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 1, 2014.

2014 | Sexton WL, Buell J [student], Rath T [student]. Coupling of Contractile Function with Oxygen Delivery in Fatigued Rat Skeletal Muscle. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine meeting; Orlando, FL; May 29, 2014.

2014 | Shaffer L [student], Buell J [student], Rath T [student], Sexton WL. Impact of Endothelial Nitric Oxide (eNOS) Synthase Inhibition on Diaphragm Interstitial PO2 and contractile function. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine meeting; Orlando, FL; May 29, 2014; and at 6th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 1, 2014.

2013 | Anderson TJ [student], Shaffer L [student] Sexton WL. Impact of Diabetes on Microvascular PO2 in the Rat Soleus after Femoral Artery Ligation. Med Sci Sport Exercise 45 (Suppl 5), S158, 2013. Poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine meeting; Indianapolis, IN; May 29, 2013, and at 5th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 2, 2013.

2013 | Sexton WL, Shaffer L [student], Anderson TJ [student]. Impact of Exercise and Insulin on Microvascular PO2 in the Diabetic Rat Soleus after Femoral Artery Ligation. Med Sci Sport Exercise45 (Suppl 5), S158, 2013. Poster presented at American College of Sports Medicine meeting; Indianapolis, IN; May 29, 2013, and at 5th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; November 2, 2013.

2012 | Anderson TJ [student], Lambert RR [student], Robertson TG [student], Sexton WL. Critical Microvascular PO2 and Muscle Fatigue during Acute Femoral Artery Occlusion. Poster presented at 4th Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; September 29, 2012.

2012 | Krueger EM [student], Cullum ME, Nichols TR, Taylor MG, Sexton WL, Murahata RI. Method for peel force and subjective discomfort during removal of adhesive barriers. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2012;112(8):535-536.

2012 | Lambert RR [student], Robertson TG [student], Sexton WL. Creatine Kinase Inhibition with Iodoacetamide Does Not Alter Microvascular PO2 On-kinetics and Twitch Tension in the Rat EDL. American College of Sports Medicine Meeting, San Francisco, CA. May 31, 2012. abstract published at: Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44(suppl 5):S504.

2012 | Robertson TG [student], Lambert RR [student], Anderson TJ [student], Sexton WL. Exercise Training Does Not Protect Skeletal Muscle Contractile Function During Acute Femoral Artery Occlusion. American College of Sports Medicine Meeting, San Francisco, CA. June 1, 2012. abstract published at: Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44(suppl 5):S537.

2012 | Sexton WL, Lambert RR [student], Robertson TG [student]. Critical microvascular PO2 and muscle fatigue during acute femoral artery occlusion. American College of Sports Medicine Meeting, San Francisco, CA. June 1, 2012

2010 | Engelbrecht MA [student], Sexton WL, Sargentini NJ, Taylor MG. Effects of pH, Citrate, and Phosphate on Bacterial Growth to Model Skin Infection. Presented at: 54th Annual American Osteopathic Association Research Conference; October 24-26, 2010; San Francisco, CA. Abstract published in: J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2010;110(8):466.

2010 | Losee J [student], Smith TJ [student], Sexton WL. Influence of Fluvastatin Treatment on Skeletal Muscle Contractile Function and Blood Flow in the Rat. (poster presentation). 57th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in Baltimore, MD. June 1-5, 2010. Med Sci Sports Exercise 42 (Suppl 5): S92, June 1-5, 2010.

2010 | Losee J [student], Smith TJ [student], Sexton WL. Influence of Fluvastatin Treatment on Skeletal Muscle Contractile Function and Blood Flow in the Rat. Poster presented at 2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; October 9, 2010.

2010 | Parker JD [student], Taylor MG, Sexton WL, Nichols TM, Murahata RI. Effect of pH, Citrate, and EDTA on Pancreatic Lipase Activity in Vitro. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2010;110(1):31

2010 | Smith TJ [student], Sexton WL. Contractile Function during Acute Ischemia and Reperfusion in Rat Skeletal Muscle. (poster presentation). 57th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in Baltimore, MD. June 1-5, 2010. Med Sci Sports Exercise 42 (Suppl 5): S263, 2010.

2010 | Smith TJ [student], Sexton WL. Contractile Function during Acute Ischemia and Reperfusion in Rat Skeletal Muscle. Poster presented at 2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; October 9, 2010.

2010 | Stachler S [student], Musso M [student], Sexton WL. Skeletal Muscle PO2 and Contractile Function during and after Femoral Artery Occlusion: Impact of Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibition. Poster presented at 2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Conference; Kirksville, MO; October 9, 2010.

2010 | Worthington BD [student], Sexton WL, Peterson DF. Regional Distribution of Cardiac Output During Post-exercise Hypotension in the Rat. (slide presentation). 57th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine in Baltimore, MD. June 1-5, 2010. Med Sci Sports Exercise 42 (Suppl 5): S534, 2010.

2009 | Keeslar, EL [student], Engelbrecht M [student], Harp CJ, Sexton WL. Cocaine Does Not Alter Microvascular PO2 On-kinetics in Rat Hindlimb Skeletal Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 41 (Suppl 5): S281, 2009; Presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Seattle, WA; May 27-30, 2009.

2009 | Losee J [student], Smith TJ [student], Sexton WL; Influence of fluvastatin treatment on skeletal muscle contractile function and blood flow in the rat; Presented at the 1st Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Symposium; A.T. Still University of Health Sciences; Kirksville, MO; Sept. 26, 2009.

2009 | Parker JD [student], Taylor MG, Sexton WL, Nichols TM, Murahata RI. “Effect of pH, citrate, and EDTA on pancreatic lipase activity in vitro.” American Osteopathic Association Research Conference. New Orleans, LA; Nov 1-5, 2009.

2009 | Sexton WL, Carpenter K [student], Squire M [student], Valeja N [student], Wessner M [student], Giacchi C [student]; Interaction of femoral artery ligation and exercise training on microvascular PO2 in rat soleus muscle; Presented at the 1st Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Symposium; A.T. Still University of Health Sciences; Kirksville, MO; Sept. 26, 2009.

2009 | Smith TJ [student], Quinn N [student], Losee JT [student], Sexton WL; Impact of diabetes on microvascular PO2 and blood flow during contractions in rat skeletal muscle; Presented at the 1st Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Symposium; A.T. Still University of Health Sciences; Kirksville, MO; Sept. 26, 2009.

2009 | Squire MM [student], Giacchi C [student], Carpenter K [student], Valeja N [student], Wessner M [student], Sexton, WL; Microvascular PO2 kinetics in hindlimb skeletal muscle of obese diabetic Zucker rats; Presented at the 1st Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Symposium; A.T. Still University of Health Sciences; Kirksville, MO; Sept. 26, 2009.

2009 | Valeja N [student], Wessner M [student], Sexton PS, Sexton WL; VEGF expression in skeletal muscles of the rat hindlimb after voluntary running; Presented at the 1st Annual Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research Symposium; A.T. Still University of Health Sciences; Kirksville, MO; Sept. 26, 2009.

2008 | Carpenter K, Squire M, Valeja N, Wessner M, Sexton WL; Interstitial PO2 Kinetics during Contractions in Rat Skeletal Muscle; Med Sci Sports Exercise 2008 40(Suppl 5):S311; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Indianapolis, IN; May 28 - 31, 2008.

2008 | Squire M, Giacchi C, Carpenter K, Valeja N, Wessner M, Sexton WL; Microvascular PO2 Kinetics in Hindlimb Skeletal Muscle of Obese Diabetic Zucker Rats; Med Sci Sports Exercise 2008 40(Suppl 5):S266; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Indianapolis, IN; May 28 - 31, 2008.

2008 | Valeja N, Wessner M, Sexton PS, Sexton WL; VEGF Expression in Skeletal Muscles of the Rat Hindlimb after Voluntary Running; Med Sci Sports Exercise 2008 40(Suppl 5):S458; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Indianapolis, IN; May 28 - 31, 2008.

2008 | Wessner M, Valeja N, Sexton PS, Sexton WL; Impact of Diabetes on VEGF Levels in Rat Hindlimb Skeletal Muscle, Diaphragm, and Ventricle; Med Sci Sports Exercise 2008 40(Suppl 5):S458; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Indianapolis, IN; May 28 - 31, 2008.

2006 | Giacchi CE, Paddock, MT, Ware AM, Sexton WL; Impact of Diabetes on Microvascular PO2 and Tension Development in the Rat Diaphragm; Med Sci Sports Exercise 38 (Suppl 5): S223, 2006; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Denver, Colorado; May 31 - June 3, 2006.

2006 | Paddock MT, Giacchi CE, Ware AM, Sexton WL; Impact of Diabetes on Microvascular PO2 and Tension in Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL) Muscle; Med Sci Sports Exercise 38 (Suppl 5): S222, 2006; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Denver, Colorado; May 31 - June 3, 2006.

2006 | Sexton WL; Impact of Diabetes and Exercise Training on Microvascular PO2 Off-Kinetics in Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL) Muscle; Med Sci Sports Exercise 38 (Suppl 5): S220, 2006; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Denver, Colorado; May 31 - June 3, 2006.

2006 | Ware AM, Giacchi CE, Paddock MT, Sexton WL; Impact of Diabetes and Dobutamine Infusion on Microvascular PO2 in the Rat Ventricular Myocardium; Med Sci Sports Exercise 38 (Suppl 5): S221, 2006; Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine; Denver, Colorado; May 31 - June 3, 2006.

2005 | Giacchi CE, Paddock MT, Ware AM, Sexton WL. Microvascular PO2 On-Kinetics and Tension Development in the Rat Diaphragm. Central States Chapter, American College of Sports Medicine, October, 2005.

2005 | Grant D, Ricks M, Ware A, Sexton WL. Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Synthase Accelerates Microvascular PO2 On-Kinetics in Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 37 (Suppl 5): S361, 2005.

2005 | Paddock MT, Giacchi CE, Ware AM, Sexton WL. Impact of Diabetes on Microvascular PO2 and Tension in Rat Skeletal Muscle. Central States Chapter, American College of Sports Medicine, October 2005.

2005 | Ricks M, Grant D, Ware A, Giacchi C, Sexton WL. Impact of Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibition on Microvascular PO2 Off-Kinetics in Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 37 (Suppl 5): S362, 2005.

2005 | Sexton WL. Impact of Diabetes and Exercise Training on Microvascular PO2 Off-Kinetics in Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL) Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 37 (Suppl 5): S59, 2005.

2005 | Sexton WL. Impact of Diabetes and Exercise Training on Microvascular PO2 Off-Kinetics in Rat EDL Muscle, American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN, June 3, 2005.

2005 | Sexton WL. Impact of Diabetes on the Skeletal Muscle Microcirculation, Central State Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Kansas City, MO October 21, 2005.

2004 | Kuhlmann GM, Grant D, Ricks M, Maiorano CA, Sexton WL. Frequency-Dependent Changes in Microvascular PO2 (PO2m) and Muscle Force Production in the Rat Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL) Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 36: S119, 2004. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting; Indianapolis, IN; June 1-5, 2004.

2004 | Noll DR, Baer RW, Sexton WL, Johnson J, Snider E, Slocum PC. Effects of Thoracic Lymphatic Pump with and without Activation on Pulmonary Residual Volumes in COPD. Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 7(2):99-100, 2004. 5th International Conference on Advances in Osteopathic Research; Erie, PA; September 10-12, 2004.

2004 | Sexton WL, Lynch A, Maiorano C. Exercise Training Slows Microvascular PO2 (PO2m) On-Kinetics in Rat Skeletal Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 36: S232, 2004. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting; Indianapolis, IN; June 1-5, 2004.

2004 | Yang Q, Sexton WL. Capillary-to-Fiber Geometry in Soleus and EDL Muscles of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR). Med Sci Sports Exercise 36: S333, 2004. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting; Indianapolis, IN; June 1-5, 2004.

2003 | Miranda DG, Kuhlmann GM, Sexton WL. Aging Slows Microvascular PO2 Kinetics in the Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle of Fischer 344 Rats. Med Sci Sports Exercise 35 (Suppl): S336, 2003. American College of Sports Medicine meetings; San Francisco, CA; May 31, 2003.

2003 | Sexton WL, Kuhlmann GM, Maiorano CP, Poole DC, Kindig CA. Chronic Prazosin Treatment Does Not Alter Microvascular PO2 Kinetics in Contracting Rat EDL Muscle. FASEB J (Abstract Part II) 17, 2003

2003 | Sexton WL, Miranda DG, Yang Q. Microvascular PO2 Kinetics in the Extensor Digitorum Longus Muscle of SHR and WKY Rats. Med Sci Sports Exercise 35 (Suppl): S336, 2003. American College of Sports Medicine meetings; San Francisco, CA; May 31, 2003.

2003 | Wherry AD, Petersen MC, Sexton WL, Stuart MK, Koch AJ. Decreased Salivary Immunoglobulin Levels After a Collegiate Rugby Game. Med Sci Sports Exercise 35 (Suppl): S381, 2003. American College of Sports Medicine meetings; San Francisco, CA; May 31, 2003.

2002 | Behnke BJ, Kindig CA, Sexton WL, McDonough P, Poole DC. Impact of Type I Diabetes on the Muscle Microvascular PO2 Profile Across the Rest-Contraction Transition. FASEB J (Abstract Part II) 16, A864, 2002.

2002 | Poole DC, Behnke BJ, McDonough PJ, Kindig CA, Sexton WL. Muscle Oxygen Exchange in Type I Diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exercise 34: S133, 2002.

2002 | Sexton WL, Lynch A, Yang Q. Skeletal Muscle Microvascular PO2 Kinetics in Response to Step-Wise Increases in Stimulation Frequency. Med Sci Sports Exercise 34: S62, 2002.

2002 | Sexton WL, Miranda D, Yang Q. Microvascular PO2 Kinetics in Soleus Muscle of Diabetic Rats. FASEB J (Abstract Part I) 16: A520, 2002.

2002 | Yang Q, Sexton WL. Fiber-Type Dependent Influence of Diabetes on Capillary-to-Fiber Ratio and Diameter in Rat Skeletal Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 34: S12, 2002.

2001 | Behnke BJ, Kindig CA, Sexton WL, Poole DC. 2001. Effects of Prior Contractions on Muscle Microvascular PO2 Dynamics at Exercise Onset. Med Sci Sports Exercise 33:S342.

2001 | Sexton WL. Diabetes and the Skeletal Muscle Microcirculation; Kirksville Chapter of Sigma Xi; Truman State University (Kirksville, MO); February 19, 2001.

2001 | Sexton WL. Hoehne DP. 2001. Diabetes Alters Myosin Heavy Chain Expression in the Rat Diaphragm. Med Sci Sports Exercise 33:S268 (American College of Sports Medicine; Baltimore, MD; June 1, 2001).

2000 | Sexton WL, Yang Q. 2000. Influence of Combined Insulin and Exercise on Coronary Capillary-to-Fiber Geometry in Diabetic Rats. Med Sci Sports Exercise 32:S179.

2000 | Sexton WL, Kindig CA, Behnke BJ, Bailey JK, Richardson T, Poole DC. 2000. Muscle Microvascular O2 pressure at the Onset of Contractions in Type I Diabetes. The Physiologist 43:361.

1998 | Hagen GR, Sexton WL. 1998. Influence of Cocaine on the Regional Distribution of Cardiac Output in Rats. Med Sci Sports Exercise 30(Suppl):S277.

1997 | Hagen GR, Mayhew JL, Sexton WL. 1997. Maximal Oxygen Consumption and Body Composition in American Male Collegiate Rugby Players. Med Sci Sports Exercise 29(Suppl):S25.

1997 | Kindig CA, Sexton WL, Poole DC. 1997. In vivo Structural Changes of Microvessels in Skeletal Muscle of Diabetic Rats. Med Sci Sports Exercise 29(Suppl):S149.

1997 | Poole DC, Kindig CA, Fedde MR, Sexton WL. 1997. Functional Microvascular Effects of Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced Diabetes in Rat Skeletal Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 29(Suppl):S149.

1997 | Sexton WL, Wyatt ND, Peterson DF. 1997. Lifelong Exercise Training Attenuates Age-Related Decreases in Oxidative Capacity of Rat Hindlimb Skeletal Muscle. Med Sci Sports Exercise 29:S25.

1997 | Sexton WL. 1997. Aging is not Associated with a Decreased Skeletal Muscle Flow Capacity in Fischer 344 rats. Dalton Research Center Cardiovascular Research Day(University of Missouri-Columbia).