Investigating Patient Attendance Rates
Investigating Patient Attendance Rates at El Rio Community Health Center
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Affiliations: All: ATSU SOMA * El Rio Community Health Center
For several years, El Rio Community Health Center (ERCHC) has recorded a high rate of missed appointments. Our research was directed at finding what patients perceive as the reasons for missed appointments; if these reasons are attributable to social factors and to determine methods to reduce missed appointments.
Research design involved a retrospective cohort study of established care patients from two ERCHC sites who had missed appointments from February 24- March 7, 2014. Patients were called from ERCHC phone lines within two weeks of their missed appointment. The data collection was obtained through a series of standardized questions including the following categories: gender, language, insurance, and the reason for missing the appointment. By quantifying and differentiating the patient profiles, data was collected in the form of a sample survey in which a small selection of the ERCHC patients was contacted to allow for better monitoring and quality control.
638 subjects contacted, 274 responded: (170 female, 104 male; response rate 43%). Primary language: 68% English (187/274) and 32% Spanish (87/274). Insurance distribution: 53% Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System, 5.5% MEDICAID/MEDICARE, 26% no insurance, and 15% private insurance. Missed appointment categories: 38% life commitment, 23% forgot appointment, 22% “no appointment” and 8.5% transportation (P < .0001).
Primary language showed statistical significance in two categories: “forgot appointment” and “life commitment.” English speakers 40% and 43% versus Spanish speakers 56% and 28%, respectively. No statistical significance found between reasons for missing appointment regarding age, gender, or insurance.
Life commitments, forgotten appointments, and “no appointment” were key reasons for missed appointments. 45% of subjects either forgot or did not think they had an appointment, indicating a need to implement a reliable reminder system. Future research could determine the type of system that works best overall and which type has a greater impact on missed appointments for the Spanish speaking population, as they were more likely to report forgotten appointment. Results and recommendations will be presented to ERCHC administration. While this study was limited to 2 ERCHC sites, future research can include more locations to obtain more generalizable results.
Limitations of our research include the scale and distribution of our sites since only two of eleven ERCHC sites were selected for data collection. Patient access to a telephone and timing of the phone call impacted who could be called. Survey design compartmentalized the patients and left little room to report reasons other than what the design team considered to be reasons people might miss their appointments. Finally, it was not in our capacity to survey patients who spoke languages other than English and Spanish who also use ERCHC services.