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Cancers Attributable to Infectious Agents*

(*Not all persons infected with the organisms below will get cancer. Cancer formation involves many different variables.)

Associated Infectious Agent(s)
Stomach (gastric)
Helicobacter pylori, EBV*
Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Opisthorchis viverrini, Clonorchis sinensis
Human Papilloma virus (HPV) with or without Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Anogenital (penile, vulva, vagina, anus)
HPV with or without Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Epstein Barr virus (EBV)
HPV with or without tobacco or alcohol use
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Human Herpes virus 8 (HHV8)
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Helicobacter pylori , EBV with or without Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Human T-cell Lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV type 1)
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Schistosoma haematobium
Merkel Cell Polyomavirus (MCPyV), HTLV type 1*(some controversy on this virus causing mycosis fungoides)

*Thanks to Dr. Lora Benoit, PhD.

Infectious agents are involved in cancer formation in 2 million people per year. Helicobacter pylori, HBV, HCV and HPV cause 1.9 million of the 2 million cancers associated with microbial infection. Most common cancers associated with infectious agents; gastric, liver and cervix/uteri**.

** C. deMartel et al. 2012. Global burden of cancers attributable to infections in 2008: a review and synthetic analysis. Lancet Oncology, May 9. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12) 70137-7.

**National Cancer Institute- National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Last revised: 3/30/22

Copyright© 2012, Neal R. Chamberlain, Ph.D.
All Rights Reserved

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