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Arthropod-Borne Diseases
For Vector Borne Diseases common to the United States Click Here.

Arthropod Vector

Disease

Disease Agent

Method of Human Exposure

Arachnida      
Mite: Leptotrombidium sp. (red mites)
Scrub Typhus (Tsutsugamushi disease)
Rickettsia tsutsugamushi
(bacteria, intracellular)
Bite of larval mite
Mite: Liponyssiodes sanguineus (mouse mite)
Rickettsial pox
Rickettsia akari
(bacteria)
Bite of mite
 Tick: Dermacentor sp.
Tularemia
Francisella tularensis
(Gram negative bacteria)
Bite of tick
 Tick: Dermacentor sp. and other Ixodid ticks
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Rickettsia rickettsia
(bacteria)
Bite of tick
 Tick: Ornithodoros sp.
Endemic Relapsing Fever
Borrelia sp.
(bacteria, spiral shaped)
Bite of tick
 Tick: Ixodes sp.
Babesiosis
Babesia microti
(parasite, protozoan)
Bite of tick
 Tick: Ixodes sp.
Lyme disease
Borrelia burgdorferi
(bacteria, spiral shape)
Bite of tick
 Tick: Dermacentor variabilis, Amyblyomma americanum
Ehrlichiosis, Sennetsu fever 
Ehrlichia canis 
     E. sennetsu 
     E. chaffeensis 
     E. equi 
     E. phagocytophilia 
(bacteria, intracellular)
Bite of tick
 Tick: Dermacentor sp.
Colorado Tick Fever
CTF virus, Eyach virus, or strain S6-14-03 (Reoviridae)
Bite of tick
 
Tick: Amyblyomma americanum
No name for disease yet; only two reported cases; fever, fatigue, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia
Heartland Virus; a phlebovirus
Bite of tick
 Tick:
Russian Spring-Summer Encephalitis, Louping Ill Encephalitis, Langat Encephalitis, Powassan Encephalitis, Omsk hemorrhagic fever
Russian Spring-Summer Encephalitis, Louping Ill Encephalitis, Langat virus, Powassan virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus (Flaviviridae)
Bite of tick
Tick:
Nairobi Sheep fever, Crimean hemorrhagic fever
Nairobi sheep disease virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (Bunyaviridae)
Bite of tick
Tick
Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome (China)
Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus (SFTSV; Phlebovirus)  
Bite of tick
Crustacea      
Copepod: Cyclops sp.
Diphyllobothriasis, fish tapeworm
Diphyllobothrium latum
(parasite, cestode, tapeworm)
Arthropod is 1st intermediate host then man swallows infected fish 
 Copepod: Cyclops sp.
 Sparganosis
 Diphyllobothrium spirometra
(parasite, cestode, tapeworm)
 Man swallows infected Cyclops.
  Copepod: Cyclops sp.
 Dracunculosis
 Dracunculus medinensis
 Man swallows infected Cyclops.
 Crabs, crayfish: various freshwater species
 Paragonimiasis
Paragonimus westermani
Man eats infected crustacean. 
 Insecta      
 Lice: Pediculus humanus
 Epidemic typhus
Rickettsia prowazekii
(bacteria)
"Bite," contaminated by louse feces or crushing louse on skin
 Lice: Pediculus humanus
Trench fever, bacillary angiomatosis, bacillary peliosis 
Bartonella quintana
(Gram negative bacteria)
"Bite," contaminated by louse feces or crushing louse on skin
  Lice: Pediculus humanus
 Louse-borne relapsing fever or epidemic relapsing fever
 Borrelia recurrentis
(bacteria; spiral shape)
"Bite," contaminated by louse feces or crushing louse on skin
 Flea: Xenopsylla cheopis, and various other rodent fleas
 Plague
Yersina pestis
(Gram negative rod shaped bacteria)
"Bite" and feces of flea 
  Flea: Xenopsylla cheopis
 Murine typhus
Rickettsia typhi
(bacteria)
 "Bite" and feces of flea
 Flea: Xenopsylla cheopis, and various other rodent fleas
 Rat tapeworm infection
Hymenolepsis diminuta
(parasite; cestode; tapeworm)
Swallowing infected flea 
 Flea: various species
Dog tapeworm infection, Dipylidiasis 
Diphylidium caninum
(parasite; cestode; tapeworm)
 Swallowing infected flea
 Bug: Triatoma species, Panstrongylus sps
(Kissing assassin bug, Reduvid bug)
Chaga's disease 
Trypanosoma cruzi
(parasite; protozoan)
Rubbing infected feces on mucous membranes or skin
 Beetles: flour beetle
Hymenolepsis 
Hymenolepsis nana
(parasite; tapeworm; cestode)
 Swallowing infected beetle
 Fly, gnat: Glossina sp. (tsetse fly)
African trypanosomiasis, African sleeping sickness
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and T.b. gambiense
Bite of infected fly 
 Fly, gnat: Simulium sp.
(black fly)
Onchocerciasis, River blindness 
Onchocerca volvulus
(parasite; round worm; nematode)
Bite of infected fly
 Fly, gnat: Chrysops sp.
Tularemia 
 Francisella tularensis
(Gram negative rod shaped bacteria)
 Bite of infected fly
  Fly, gnat: Phlebotomus sp., Lutzomyia sp. (sandflies)
Leishmaniasis 
Leishmania donovani (Visceral, dumdum fever, kala-azar), L. tropica (cutaneous; oriental sore, Delphi boil), L. braziliensis (mucocutaneous; espundia, american leishmaniasis, chiclero ulcer)
(parasite; protozoan)
Bite of infected fly
 Fly, gnat: Phlebotomus sp. (sandfly in Peru, Ecuador and Columbia)
Bartonellosis, Oroya fever, Carrion's disease
Bartonella bacilliformis
(Gram negative bacteria)
Bite of infected fly
Fly, gnat: Chrysops sp. (mango flies)
Loaiasis, Eye worm
Loa loa
(parasite; nematode; roundworm)
Bite of infected fly
Fly, gnat: sandfly
Sandfly fever, Rift Valley fever
Sandfly fever Naples virus, Sandfly fever Sicilian virus, Rift valley fever virus(Bunyaviridae)
Bite of infected fly
 Mosquito: Anopheles sp.
Malaria
Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. vivax, P. ovale
(parasite; protozoan)
Bite of infected mosquito
Mosquito: various species
Bancroftian filariasis, filarial Elephantiasis
Wuchereria bancrofti
(parasite; nematode; roundworm)
Bite of infected mosquito
Mosquito: various species
Malayan filariasis, filarial Elephantiasis
Brugia malayi
(parasite; nematode; roundworm)
Bite of infected mosquito
Mosquito: various species
Dirofilariasis
Dirofilaria immitis
(parasite; nematode; roundworm)
Bite of infected mosquito
 Mosquito: Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever 
Yellow fever virus
(Flaviviridae)
Bite of infected mosquito
 Mosquito: Aedes sp.
 Dengue fever, Break Bone fever
Dengue fever virus
(Flaviviridae)
Bite of infected mosquito
 Mosquito: Culiseta melanura, Coquillettidia pertubans, Aedes vexans
Eastern Equine encephalitis
 Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus
(Togaviridae)
Bite of infected mosquito
 Mosquito: Aedes triseriatus
La Crosse encephalitis
 La Crosse Encephalitis virus
(Bunyaviridae)
Bite of infected mosquito
 Mosquito: Culex sp.
St. Louis encephalitis 
St. Louis Encephalitis virus
(Flaviviridae)
Bite of infected mosquito
 Mosquito: Culex sp., Culex tarsalis
Venezualan equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis
Venezualan Equine Encephalitis virus, Western Equine Enchephalitis virus
(Togaviridae)
Bite of infected mosquito
Mosquito
Chikungunya forest fever
Chikungunya virus, Mayaro fever, Mucambo fever, O'Nyong-Nyong fever, Pixuna fever, Ross River fever (Togaviridae)
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Mosquito
fevers and encephalitis
Nile fever, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile fever, Zika fever, Wesselsbron fever, Kyasanur forest disease virus (Flaviviridae)
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Mosquito
fevers and encephalitis
 Oropouche virus, Bunyamwera, Bwamba fever, Guama fever, Oropouche fever, California Enchephalitis virus (Bunyaviridae)
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Mosquito
fevers
Chandipura fever, Piry fever (Rhabdoviridae)
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Last revised 8/9/13