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Cancers Attributable to Infectious Agents*

(*Not all persons infected with the organisms below will get cancer. Cancer formation involves many different variables.)

Cancer
Associated Infectious Agent(s)
Stomach (gastric)
Helicobacter pylori
Liver
Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Opisthorchis viverrini, Clonorchis sinensis
Cervix/Uteri
Human Papilloma virus (HPV) with or without Human Immunodeficiencey virus (HIV)
Anogenital (penile, vulva, vagina, anus)
HPV with or without Human Immunodeficiencey virus (HIV)
Nasopharynx
Epstein Barr virus (EBV)
Oropharynx
HPV with or without tobacco or alcohol use
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Human Herpes virus 8 (HHV8)
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Helicobacter pylori , EBV with or without Human Immunodeficiencey virus (HIV), Human T-cell Lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV type 1)
Hodgkin's lymphoma
EBV
Bladder
Schistosoma haematobium

Infectious agents are involved in cancer formation in 2 million people per year. Helicobacter pylori, HBV, HCV and HPV cause 1.9 million of the 2 million cancers associated with microbial infection. Most common cancers associated with infectious agents; gastric, liver and cervix/uteri**.

** C. deMartel et al. 2012. Global burden of cancers attributable to infections in 2008: a review and synthetic analysis. Lancet Oncology, May 9. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12) 70137-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22575588

Last revised: 5/22/12

Copyright© 2012, Neal R. Chamberlain, Ph.D.
All Rights Reserved

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